Verbal Bullets

by Tarek Heggy

1) Malala Yousafzai, a 14-year old Pakistani pupil at a girls' high school in Mingora, the largest town in Pakistan's northwestern Swat
Valley, was the target of a failed assassination attempt as she rode the school bus home. According to local police officials, two Taliban gunmen stopped and boarded the bus where they asked for Malala by name. One of them shot her twice in the head and then both fled the scene. The Pakistani Taliban movement, Tehrik-e-Taliban, claimed responsibility for the shooting, which they said was to stop her and others like her from campaigning for girls' education.

The Economist

Relations between religion and state

A bad week for Salafists



LAST Friday a big crowd filled much of Cairo’s Tahrir Square to call for strict imposition of shari’a law. The mostly cheerful protesters, many of them bearded or fully veiled and bussed in from the provinces, want Egypt’s under-construction constitution to declare the country an Islamic state, based on divinely revealed rather than man-made laws. Such demands are not new, but the debate over relations between religion and state had been muted during Egypt’s six decades of gloved military dictatorship. It is now, testily, out in the open.

Puritanical Salafists denounce their detractors as secular "extremists", foreign agents or infidels. But plenty of Egyptians, among them pious Muslims, doubt the wisdom or practicality of using shari’a, a scanty and contested body of divine or long-sanctified rulings, to order the complexities of modern life. To them, the hard-core Islamists are simply a dangerous and uncouth rabble.


Barack Obama and radical Islam: The invisible elephant

With the re-election of Barack Obama, the world has become more dangerous. Radical Islam is emboldened and there may be more trouble in Iran and Syria. 


CHARLOTTE, November 9, 2012 – With the re-election of Barack Obama, the world has suddenly become a more dangerous place. Most Americans do not even know it.

The candy store owner is handing out free goodies to unsuspecting and unconcerned masses while buildings just down the street are surrounded in flames.

Following the president’s Benghazi cover-up combined with the media’s refusal to report details of the terrorist attack in Libya, there can be little doubt about the enormity of American apathy for events in the Middle East. Apathy that will most assuredly increase Islamic radicalism.

Middle East ForumMiddle East Forum 

Muslim Persecution of Christians

by Raymond Ibrahim

The aftermath of collective punishment for Pakistan's Christians—the inevitable byproduct of the notorious Rimsha Masih blasphemy case, concerning a Christian girl falsely accused of desecrating a Quran—was more dramatic than the blasphemy case itself. Indeed, knowing what was in store for them, some Christians even held a symbolic funeral procession, carrying a Christian leader in a coffin and digging a grave for the "deceased."

Their morbid predictions proved too true—especially after another pretext for Muslims to riot emerged: the Youtube Muhammad movie. After Friday prayers, Muslims attacked, killed, and robbed the Christians in their midst, who account for a miniscule 1.5% of Pakistan's population. St. Paul's Church in Mardan was attacked by hundreds of Muslims armed with clubs and sticks. After looting and desecrating it, they set the church on fire (see picture here). Next Muslims raided a nearby church-run school, looting and torching it as well, and burning down a library containing more than 3,000 Christian books. Although the library also contained thousands of books on Islam—making the Muslim mobs' actions blasphemous under Pakistan's law—"the attack continued for more than three hours, with minimal efforts by the authorities to stop it."

51 articles by Tarek Heggy on Religion & Politics in the Middle East.

01- Islam Between Copying And
02- Tolerant & Intolerant
03- The Future of the Moslem Mind. <>
04- The Drama of "Islamists".



Pope Tawadrous II

Congratulations to Egypt and the Egyptians

Sunday, God choose a new Pope for the Copts in Egypt, and the next day it was revealed that God also choose a new Leader for Egypt and the Egyptians, Men and Women, Moslems and Copts.

The very next day Pope Tawadrous II spoke against the Islamization of Egypt.  No man will affect the directions in egypt more than Pope Tawadrous II, no man will neutralize the effects of the Islamists and the Moslem Brotherhood more than Pope Tawadrous II, no man will be more effective to influence and correct this dangerous and destructive constitution more than Pope Tawadrous II, and no man will fight for the legimate human rights of minorities more than Pope Tawadrous II. 

Pope Tawadrous II needs us the people who are calling for democracy, civil rights, human rights, and sacred equality for all the Egyptians, Men and Women, Moslems and Copts. 

We must rally for him, support him, send him our voices and demands for the better Egypt we all need, want, asking for and dream of.  Pope Tawadrous II will deliver.  That is why God choose him.

Draft of the Egyptian Constitution


The new draft of the Egyptian Constitution reminds me of the National Geographic in which after you see a creature handled by the rest in the “Wild Kingdom” it becomes unrecognizable any more. I wrote, in the past, that Egypt is not ready yet to write a new Constitution. I argued that a chosen handful of Egyptian scholars, noted for their competence and knowledge, write a “Bill of Rights” that applies to ALL Egyptians, and that Egypt can live for now with its flawed amended 1971 Constitution until the informed Egyptians appreciate a new one that will affect the lives of future generations.

I was hopeful that humanity could prevail over the deadly consequences of religious fervor. This draft is flawed and should never be ratified.

Egypt's draft constitution, translated

The Arab Republic of Egypt is an independent unified and sovereign State that shall not accept division. The Republic enjoys a democratic system of government. The Egyptian people are part of the Arab and Islamic nation and are proud to belong to the Nile Basin and Africa and of its connections to Asia, and contribute positively to human civilization.

It forgot to mention that they are ahsan nas and that their hair smells really good.

I wish I had time for more serious commentary — the bits where it contradicts itself, the runway conservative populism, and many grey areas — but I simply don't.

Update: The Atlantic Council's Egypt Source has an alternative translation.

This Irrational Fury: An Attempt to Interpret

Tarek Heggy


Until a couple of years ago, and for many years before that, I was of the opinion that directing any criticism at certain aspects of Islamic ideas, texts or personalities would cause us, the advocates of modernity, to alienate some or most of those we were trying to help draw out of the quagmire of primitiveness and backwardness in which they were trapped. Today I must admit I was wrong. Although I expressed this opinion repeatedly in all good faith, the events that have unfolded in the Arab world over the last two years have forced me to revise my view and to conclude that I was mistaken. Science teaches us not to exempt any subject, person or idea from scrutiny and criticism. Thus I have come to realize that my belief in the need to keep certain areas of the Islamic experience outside the scope of critical thinking – a belief based on purely pragmatic reasons – did not, as I had once thought, serve any useful purpose.

The Economist 

Egypt’s constitution

Make it tolerant

Egypt needs a constitution that protects all its citizens



AFTER six decades of military dictatorship, Egypt sorely needs a constitution to set it on the path to democracy. So far the post-revolutionary establishment, dominated by the Islamists of the Muslim Brotherhood and Muhammad Morsi, their new president, has been making a hash of it.

Mr Morsi needs to reassure Egyptians of all religious and ideological stripes that they will be governed by a set of rules everyone can respect. Until then, Egypt will fail to cope with its many economic and social difficulties, let alone its political ones. Egypt has 85m people, making it by far the most populous country in the Arab world. It is squandering the chance to become a constitutional model for the entire region.

Living in Fear: Coptic Christians in Egypt
Dr. Ashraf Ramelah
After a long history of persecution as a minority in Egypt, in these days the nonetheless resilient Copts face a dire moment. The ominously Sharia-leaning Muslim Brotherhood government of Egypt, headed by President Mohammed Morsi, has taken over the country from the oppressive - but slightly more tolerant - Mubarak regime.

Adding to this crisis is the absence of spiritual and political leadership for the 18 million-strong Coptic community, namely a Pope. The church is still in the throes of a longstanding selection process to name a new spiritual head to permanently replace the interim administrator, a bishop, who has been the caretaker leader since the death of Pope Shenuda III earlier this year.

Egypt: Islamic Justice under President Morsi


By Assad Elepty

Many Egyptians are now ruing the day they toppled Mubarak, life in Egypt has gone from bad to catastrophic. The Egyptian revolution was sparked by the brutal killing of one young man by Egyptian police.

Under the rule of Morsi and the radical Islamists “the brotherhood” it has changed, the change has been a dramatic escalation of police brutality predominantly dished out against those that oppose Morsi and the Brotherhood.


Living in fear: Coptic Christians in Egypt

As al-Qaida leader Ayman al-Zawahiri calls for renewed protests against the U.S. and Israel in the wake of reaction to the film about Mohammed, it is the ancient Christian community of Egypt, the Copts, who are in the greatest immediate danger. Ashraf Ramelah, a Coptic leader, describes how Copts are dealing with the new Islamist reality in Egypt.

Dr. Ashraf Ramelah

Dr. Ashraf Ramelah

After a long history of persecution as a minority in Egypt, in these days the nonetheless resilient Copts face a dire moment. The ominously Sharia-leaning Muslim Brotherhood government of Egypt, headed by President Mohammed Morsi, has taken over the country from the oppressive - but slightly more tolerant - Mubarak regime. Adding to this crisis is the absence of spiritual and political leadership for the 18 million-strong Coptic community, namely a Pope. The church is still in the throes of a longstanding selection process to name a new spiritual head to permanently replace the interim administrator, a bishop, who has been the caretaker leader since the death of Pope Shenuda III earlier this year.


Egypt heading towards Sharia enforcement’

Egyptians government supporters throw stones at opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood and President Mohamed Morsi during clashes in Tahrir square in Cairo on October 12, 2012 (AFP Photo / Khaled Desouki)

Egyptians government supporters throw stones at opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood and President Mohamed Morsi during clashes in Tahrir square in Cairo on October 12, 2012 (AFP Photo / Khaled Desouki)

As Egypt’s liberal and secular activists erupted with anger accusing the Muslim Brotherhood of trying to take over the country, former US Senate foreign policy analyst James Jatras tells RT that Egypt is on its way to becoming a caliphate.

­“Morsi and the Brotherhood had triumphed much quicker than anybody expected, and no one should doubt what their intentions are: strict enforcement of Sharia and the recreation of the caliphate,” Jatras says.

RT: Friday showed that Egypt is far from calm. What does it tell us about the results of President Morsi's first 100 days in office?

The Wall Street JournalThe Wall Street JournalThe Wall Street Journal

Advocacy Group Criticizes Draft Egyptian Constitution

CAIRO—The advocacy group Human Rights Watch on Monday criticized the latest draft of Egypt's new constitution as offering inadequate protections for minorities and personal freedoms.

The 2,700-word complaint comes one day before a court is expected to rule on the constituent assembly's legitimacy. The committee may meet the same fate as the parliament that nominated it—when a high court ruled in May that it was unconstitutional.

The assembly has been hobbled by an ideological divide between secular-minded delegates and Islamists.

The New York based organization urged members of the 100-seat assembly to amend the Sept. 27 draft document that would entrust religious institutions to vet legislation based on Islamic law, condition women's rights on religious interpretation, exclude language meant to criminalize human trafficking and allow only a narrow definition of police torture. Some delegates expect the document to be completed as soon as next week.


٤٠ حركة وحزباً تهدد بتدويل «مذبحة ماسبيرو»

 كتب   عماد خليل ومينا غالى 

هدد ممثلو ٤٠ حركة وحزباً، وعدد من أسر شهداء ماسبيرو، أمس بـ«تدويل» قضية قتل « ثوار ماسبيرو» أمام المحكمة الجنائية الدولية، ضد كل من المشير حسين طنطاوى، رئيس المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة السابق، والفريق سامى عنان، رئيس الأركان، وحسن الروينى، قائد المنطقة العسكرية، وحمدى بدين، مدير إدارة الشرطة العسكرية، بتهمة التورط فى قتل المدنيين فى «مذبحة ماسبيرو». وقالوا خلال مؤتمر عُقد بساقية الصاوى، أمس، إنهم سيقدمون بلاغاً اليوم ضد قادة «المجلس العسكرى» بتهمة قتل والشروع فى قتل المتظاهرين السلميين.

The Elephant in the Glass' Shop.
Tarek Heggy.
When the masses in several Muslim societies furiously (and sometimes, violently) reacted to a film that was produced about Prophet Muhamed, several leaders of a number of Muslim societies wanted the UN to adopt an agreement that bans "humiliations" to the sacred persona and scripts, a call that many see reflects an absolute negation to the basis of western civilization.


Is Obama Blind To The Danger Of Radical Islam?

By CHQ Staff | 10/1/12

Radical Islam 

We are still puzzling over the meaning of President Barack Obama’s speech to the U.N. General Assembly – can Obama truly be that blind to the danger of radical Islam?

We already noted how Obama walked away from the foreign policy of every president since FDR to embrace a new moral equivalence between attackers and those being attacked – if the attackers are Muslims, that is.

One could make the argument that such a policy amounts to non-intervention and is a positive break with the neo-con idea that we ought to remake the world in our image.

While we are inclined toward non-intervention, we think that is a mistake.

See full size image


Who Needs Reform Most: Egypt or America?

India Today 

Adding fuel to a cultural inferno

Egyptian protester

An Egyptian protester enveloped by tear gas.

"Islam-baiting" in the West and "Islamic-rage" in the East both serve useful political purposes for their protagonists. The latest bait of, and provocation by, a blasphemous film (Innocence of Muslims) demonstrates this quite well.

Nikoula Basseley Nikoula, the producer of the film, is an Egyptian Copt in America. The 8 million Christian Copts in Egypt (10 per cent of the population) face discrimination and even violent persecution in "Muslim" Egypt, and thousands like Nikoula have fled to America. Not unsurprisingly, he is involved, according to the FBI, with right-wing, even fundamentalist, Christian organisations in the US, some of which are covertly Islamophobic while others are staunchly Republican.

egypt alliance of hope


Outrage over film worries Coptic Christians in Egypt

by Sarah Lynch, Special for USA TODAY

Khalil Hamra, AP


Egyptian Coptic Christians protest attacks on Christians and churches, in front of the state television building in Cairo.

CAIRO -- Sitting in a shaded, stone alleyway of Cairo's old Coptic Christian quarter, Adl Iskander wonders what regionwide anger over an anti-Islam film promoted by an Egyptian Coptic Christian in the United States will mean for Copts like him.

"I don't agree with the film, and I don't agree with what happened as far as reactions," Iskander said about the movie that portrays the Muslim prophet Mohammed in a demeaning and vulgar way. "Of course, we're worried."


Brothers Take Over Egypt

By James P. Farwell, Marvin Weinbaum

Informed observers are increasingly raising the fear that new elections will put the Muslim Brotherhood in control of Egypt’s parliament and the presidency. Of course it will try. Senior Brotherhood leader Sobhi Saleh, who helped write Egypt’s interim constitution, said in a recent video that he expects the new government to be Islamist.

As new demonstrations broke out at Tahrir Square on May 27th—the “Second Day of Rage”—the Brotherhood withdrew its youth from the Revolution Youth Coalition that has pushed for democratic reform. After forming the Party of Freedom and Justice, headed by Muslim Brotherhood politburo leader Mohammed al-Mursi, it revised an earlier promise to contest only 30 percent of parliament seats upwards to 45 percent or more.


Obama Doesn’t Realize Radical Islam Is at War With US

By Newsmax Wires

President Barack Obama is so wedded to his liberal policies that he can’t comprehend the meaning of the attacks against us in Libya and Egypt — radical Islam is at war with us, says former GOP presidential candidate Newt Gingrich.

The president and his Secretary of State Hillary Clinton condemned the “senseless” violence, he notes on

“This concept of ‘senseless violence’ is at the heart of the left’s refusal to confront the reality of radical Islamists,” the former House speaker says. “These are not acts of senseless violence. These are acts of war. . . . It is tragic that the president is so committed to a leftist world view that he cannot allow himself to face these facts.”


Anti-Semitism in the new Egypt: even the president refuses to say the word 'Israel'

He just can't bring himself to say it

News that Mohammed Morsi, Egypt’s Islamist president, has promised to uphold his country’s long-standing peace treaty with Israel has been widely welcomed. Revealingly, however, Mr Morsi refused to refer to the Jewish state by name, sticking instead to a generalised statement that his government was “in full respect of international peace treaties”.

Avigdor Lieberman, Israel’s foreign minister, responded by urging Morsi to put his money where his mouth is. “We hope to see President Morsi receiving official Israeli representatives,” he said. “We want to see him giving interviews to Israeli media and we want to see him in Jerusalem.”

Muslim Cleric Tears Bible At Protest Outside the US Embassy in Cairo

(AINA) -- During the demonstration which was held in front of the American Embassy in Cairo on Tuesday, 9/11, a Muslim cleric named Abu Islam tore and burned the Holy Bible in front of thousands of Muslims. His action was met with applause and anti-Christian cheers from the demonstrators. Before leaving the demonstration and getting into his car, he told the crowds "next time I will urinate on it."

The video above shows the Muslim cleric tearing the Bible. The video says:

0.02 "the overwhelming Book, the Book of Truth and Peace. The place for these words and this book is over the heads because it is the real inspiration... (He places the Koran on his head) voices chanting Allahu Akbar.

dr . ahmed el-mokadem
egypt alliance of hope 

 MailOnline - news, sport, celebrity, science and health stories

The British child brides: Muslim mosque leaders agree to marry girl of 12... so long as parents don't tell anyone

Two imams were prepared to officiate wedding of underage girl

More than 1,000 of the 8,000 forced marriages of Britons each year are believed to involve girls of 15 or under


British Muslim clerics are willing to carry out sharia marriages involving child brides as young as 12, an investigation has found.

Two imams said they would be prepared to officiate at the wedding of an underage girl to a man in his twenties, despite fears the pair would later have sex.

The revelations have led the Home Office to confirm that such ceremonies will be examined in the Government’s forthcoming Bill to outlaw forced marriages.

The plight of the Copts

the passion of the copts 

Video Double click above 

Youtube link:

The video above shows raw emotional pain. I could have chosen worse, but I wanted only to convey the distress our brothers are in without exalting the power of the enemy. As it is, it is hard enough to take.

The two year old “Arab Spring” was much-heralded in the western press. It began in Tunisia, which is ironically one of the less oppressive Arab nations, when a street merchant immolated himself to protest government corruption. Such is the human thirst for freedom. These people have access to the Internet now, and they see how westerners live. How you gonna keep them down on the farm?

For many years whenever I would hear that a nation didn’t have the cultural underpinnings for democracy, I thought that was absurd. Self determination is hard-wired in our psyche, I reasoned. But I was naïve of spiritual strongholds that repress truth and freedom. Since then I’ve learned the bitter truth.

inter. cc  

Somali Christians Fear Militant Islam at Home and Abroad

By Wasul Chemosi

Washington, D.C. September 7 (International Christian Concern) – Al Shabab, an Al Qaeda-linked terror group in Somalia, has sought to rid the region of Christians and is specifically targeting Christian converts from Islam. Many Somali Christians, having fled persecution in their homeland, have found little security in neighbouring East African countries. Even in the Christian-majority country of Kenya, radical Islam is steadily gaining numbers and influence.


Freedoms issue in Egypt

Yekaterina Kudashkina

Египет выборы сторонники Братья-Мусульмане Мухаммед Мурси  

“After the victory of the military by this Islamist president, we should not be surprised that they are going to have more restrictions with the press because the Islamist agenda has to start with controlling what is being said to the Egyptian people,, to control the outside and foreign influence on the press and to control anything that doesn’t go in the mainstream wanted and planned by the Islamists,” - Dr. Mansouria Mokhefi, Head of the Middle East and North Africa Program at the French Institute of Foreign Relations in Paris.

We have, and it’s about time to acknowledge it and to accept it because we have no other way to deal with this situation, to accept the fact that the Egyptians have elected the president, who is the first civilian since independence in the 50s, the first non-military and the first Muslim Brother. We have to acknowledge that although this regime claims to be attached to freedom of the market, of freedom of the economy and everything, this is nevertheless the regime which base and roots and philosophy are Islam and what we know about Islam is that it’s different from what we claim as freedom of the press, freedom of expression, human rights and everything. So, once we acknowledge this, we should stop being surprised, appalled by all the restrictions that we are going to be witnessing with this. And this is being said without any judgment. It’s just a go-back to reality, we are dealing with the new dimension in politics, in philosophy in this countries.


Islamization of Europe: The Numbers Don’t Lie

Posted by Bruce Bawer



 Few readers of this website will be unaware that over the last several years plenty of books, including my own While Europe Slept, have warned about the present and future effects of the rise of Islam in Europe.  Some writers, notably Christopher Caldwell and Mark Steyn, have gone into considerable detail about the now widely recognized fact that the low birth rate among ethnic Europeans, the high birth rate among European Muslims, and the steady arrival of new Muslim immigrants on the continent will mean an increasingly Muslim Europe in the decades to come and, ultimately, a majority Muslim population in one country after another.


Don’t Fear All Islamists, Fear Salafis

For Op-Ed, follow @nytopinion and to hear from the editorial page editor, Andrew Rosenthal, follow @andyrNYT.

THIS spring, I traveled to the cradle of the Arab uprisings — a forlorn street corner in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia, where a street vendor, drenched in paint thinner, struck a match in December 2010 that ignited the entire Middle East. “We have far more freedoms,” one peddler hawking fruit in the same square lamented, “but far fewer jobs.” Another noted that Mohamed Bouazizi, the vendor who set himself on fire, did so not to vote in a democratic election but because harassment by local officials had cost him his livelihood.

As the peddlers vented, prayers ended at the whitewashed mosque across the street. Among the faithful were Salafis, ultraconservative Sunni Muslims vying to define the new order according to seventh-century religious traditions rather than earthly realities. For years, many Salafis — “salaf” means predecessors — had avoided politics and embraced autocrats as long as they were Muslims. But over the past eight months, clusters of worshipers across the Middle East have morphed into powerful Salafi movements that are tapping into the disillusionment and disorder of transitions.

Islamization of Europe: The Numbers Don’t Lie  

Bruce Bawer

A few recent news stories out of Europe confirm that concerns about the continent’s skyrocketing Muslim populations are, in fact, anything but alarmist. On August 8, for example, Britain’s Daily Telegraph actually permitted into its pages an article reporting that “Britain and the rest of the European Union are ignoring a demographic time bomb: a recent rush into the EU by migrants, including millions of Muslims, will change the continent beyond recognition over the next two decades, and almost no policy-makers are talking about it.” According to the Telegraph, Spain’s foreign-born population rose from 3.2% in 1998 to 13.4% in 2007, and in Brussels, “the top seven baby boys’ names recently were Mohamed, Adam, Rayan, Ayoub, Mehdi, Amine and Hamza.” The Telegraph cited the highly euphemistic conclusion of a recent report by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life that the rapid introduction of large numbers of Muslims into Europe results in “a difficult social fit.”

Similarly, an August 26 article in Denmark’s Dispatch International revealed that the number of Muslims in Denmark and Sweden, which had previously been uncertain (with estimates ranging widely), could now be stated with an unprecedented degree of precision, based on a meticulous study of the records of given names in the two countries. Within ten or twenty thousand, the real number of Muslims (not including unregistered illegal aliens) was about “574,000…in Sweden and 256,000 in Denmark,” meaning “that Muslims make up 6.05% of Sweden’s population and 4.59% of Denmark’s.” The Swedish figure was up from around 3.21% in 1998: “In other words, the number of Muslims has roughly doubled over the period 1998-2011.”  As for Denmark, although the climb was less precipitous, that country’s center-right governments between 2001 and 2011, while often criticized as Islamophobic, turned out to have “hardly made a dent in the Muslim growth rate.”  As for Norway, the Norwegian website reported on September 5 that just over 38% of all newborn babies in Oslo now have “mothers with foreign national backgrounds.”

masthead almuslih 2.jpg - 164.50 Kb

Political Islam vs Modernity

Tarek Heggy

Bear witness for us, O pen / That we shall not sleep / That we shall not dither between ‘yes’ and ‘no’

(Amal Dunqul)[1]

It is my view that whether political Islam is defined as a religious theocratic movement or a political movement in the modern sense of political movements, the currents of political Islam have a position concerning the type of value system which contemporary intellectuals in advanced societies recognise as constituting the foundations of a culture of progress and modernity.

So a conversation must needs be held between some of these value systems and the mentality and behaviour of exponents of currents of political Islam. This is what I shall attempt to do in an essay such as this, which aims to place political Islam side by side with a number of values associated with modernity and progress.

The conception of the modern state: modern Islamists are unable to understand or accept or even admire the modern state system, which is the product or the result of centuries of political, cultural, social and economic struggle over the course of human progress. When the Prophet took ill (during the last days of his life) he tasked his close companion Abu Bakr al-Siddīq with deputising for him in leading the prayer. When the Prophet passed away shortly afterwards, a large number of Muslims considered that this entrusting of the leadership of the prayer constituted an indication from the Prophet that Abu Bakr was to be his preferred successor. And this is what in fact took place in the aftermath of the problems associated with the Saqīfa compact (saqīfat banī sāʽda)[2]. From the very first day Abu Bakr became “the Prophet’s ‘deputy’” or successor.

new egypt strategic priorities

dr . ahmed el-mokadem

map of love


the politics of decline

Persecution of Christian Copts in Egypt on Rise as Muslim Brotherhood Consolidates Power

By Michael Terheyde

Christians in the Middle East need our help as well as our prayers

President Mursi said he was going to be the president of all Egyptians, including the Copts. As we watch events unfold in Egypt, we have to ask ourselves, was that just a big lie, a ruse to gain power and Islamize Egypt? Does President Mursi mean to govern the Copts as a free and equal people or as the dhimmi class? Some Copts fear a return to the days of the dhimmi class and the jizya tax, as Islamist groups seem emboldened since the Muslim Brotherhood's rise to power.

A Coptic Christian woman prays

A Coptic Christian woman prays

KNOXVILLE, TN (Catholic Online) - There is growing fear among the Coptic Christian community as open violence escalates against them in Egypt. According to reports, this violence is in response to a letter calling on Muslims to kill Copts. Again, the world watches to see if Egypt's new president, Mohammed Mursi, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, intends to follow up on his promise to be the president of all Egyptians.

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